The Blue Nile's source is Lake Tana; the White Nile is sourced at equatorial Lake Victoria, famously confirmed in the 1870s by David Livingston and Henry Morton Stanley. There are three tributaries to the Nile, feeding into the main channel which flows generally northward to empty into the Mediterranean Sea. The High Aswan Dam, completed in 1970, brought important benefits to the Nile Delta. The river is home to many fish and provides a valuable source of food. Share. Show Me Your Basin. These creatures are found in large groups, can grow up to 20 feet long, and can move at about 30 miles an hour, on land (The Abundance of Dangers, n.d). This detailed astronaut photograph illustrates a portion of the Nile Delta that includes two royal cemeteries, Abusir and Saqqara-North. At over 4,000 miles long, it is the longest river in the world. Image of the Day Human Presence. Without the food it produces, Egypt faces catastrophe The Nile also protected ancient Egyptians from external attacks. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. The Nile delta area has been very important to the Egyptian 's throughout the history of the country's civilization. The Blue and the White Nile join together at Khartoum to create the main Nile channel, and the Atbara River joins the main Nile channel in northern Sudan. But the Nile does fluctuate from year to year. A famine resulted when there was inadequate or surplus flooding. Lower Egypt therefore is downstream. When did organ music become associated with baseball? The Nile delta has changed many lives. In recent years geologists have discovered that much of the world’s petroleum resources are found in ancient deltaic rocks. The massive Ganges-Brahmaputra delta, in India and … All Rights Reserved. ", From Lucan's Pharsalia: "Egypt on the west Girt by the trackless Syrtes forces back By sevenfold stream the ocean; rich in glebe And gold and merchandise; and proud of Nile Asks for no rain from heaven.". Image of the Day for December 1, 2008. Longest river in the world 4000 miles long 3 main regions: Upper Eygpt , Lower eygpt and the Nile Delta Why is the Nile Delta important? Because Egypt is basically a giant desert with nothing but sand. The Egyptian Nile Delta is one of the world's largest river deltas covering 240 km. Every body of water has a certain drainage basin that is associated with it. Importance of the Nile. If your impeached can you run for president again? The delta is made up mainly of alternating layers of silt and sand, laid down by the Nile over the past 10 thousand years or so. The Nile River delta was also an ideal growing location for the papyrus plant. Abundant plants grow in the Nile River including the Egyptian lotus. It is home to more than 500,000 people and 200,000 jobs and contributes over $35 billion to the state’s economy. The Nile River Delta, once known as the bread basket of the world, may soon be unable to support even the population of Egypt. Credit. Since rainfall is almost non-existent in Egypt, the floods provided the only source of moisture to sustain crops. You might also be interested in . It is also a source of food and recreation. An important component is the West Nile Delta project – one of the largest in the company’s history. Deltas have been important to humankind since prehistoric times. That's why the rest of Egypt looks like a brown desert, but the Nile Delta looks like a green paradise. The lower Nile has abundant Cyperus papyrus; hence there is plenty for the wild animals. Why was the Nile River so important to the Ancient Egyptians? The ancient Egyptians learned partial control of the flood waters of the Nile by means of irrigation. The Nile Delta is roughly 500 km (310 mi) wide and 800 km (500 mi) long; the coastline as it meets the Mediterranean is 225 km (140 mi) long. The Nile River is the primary water resource in Egypt, where it represents more than 95% of the total water resources in Egypt and it is the lifeline for Egypt and there are many reasons for its importance which are: Egyptians depends on it to acquire fresh water to use it for various purposes such as drinking, cooking, cleaning and other household uses. What floral parts are represented by eyes of pineapple? Despite the generally universal processes by which river deltas are formed and organized, it is important to note that the world's deltas vary dramatically in structure, composition, and size due to factors such as origin, climate, geology, and tidal processes. The Nile River and its delta were extremely important to the Egyptians. ", Also from Herodotus, Book II: "If then the stream of the Nile should turn aside into this Arabian gulf, what would hinder that gulf from being filled up with silt as the river continued to flow, at all events within a period of twenty thousand years? The crocodiles of the Nile are known to view people as prey and known to attack them. Why did the Ancient Egyptians live near the River Nile? From one ancient period to the next, the course of the Nile, the amount of water in its channel, and the amount of silt deposited in the delta varied, bringing abundant harvest or devastating drought. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. From north to south the delta is approximately 160 km (99 mi) in length. Use it for agriculture where fertile land formed around the Nile River and they irrigated by Nile River. 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